Learn How to Create a Tabbed Image Gallery with CSS and JavaScript

In this tutorial, we will guide you through the process of creating a dynamic and visually appealing tabbed image gallery using CSS and JavaScript. Tabbed image galleries are a fantastic way to present multiple images in an organized and interactive manner. By the end of this tutorial, you will have a fully functional tabbed image gallery that you can incorporate into your website.

Understanding Tabbed Image Galleries

A tabbed image gallery consists of a set of tabs, each representing a category or group of images. When a user clicks on a tab, the corresponding images are displayed below, while the other tabs remain hidden. This allows for a smooth and user-friendly experience, as visitors can explore different image categories without cluttering the page.

Setting Up the HTML Structure

Let’s start by creating the HTML structure for our tabbed image gallery. We will use semantic HTML elements and classes for better accessibility and SEO. Here’s an example of how the HTML code could look:

<div class="tabbed-gallery">
  <div class="tabs">
    <button class="tab" data-category="nature">Nature</button>
    <button class="tab" data-category="architecture">Architecture</button>
    <button class="tab" data-category="travel">Travel</button>
  </div>
  <div class="image-container">
    <img class="gallery-image nature" src="nature-image-1.jpg" alt="Nature Image 1">
    <img class="gallery-image nature" src="nature-image-2.jpg" alt="Nature Image 2">
    <!-- Add more images for the 'nature' category here -->

    <img class="gallery-image architecture" src="architecture-image-1.jpg" alt="Architecture Image 1">
    <img class="gallery-image architecture" src="architecture-image-2.jpg" alt="Architecture Image 2">
    <!-- Add more images for the 'architecture' category here -->

    <img class="gallery-image travel" src="travel-image-1.jpg" alt="Travel Image 1">
    <img class="gallery-image travel" src="travel-image-2.jpg" alt="Travel Image 2">
    <!-- Add more images for the 'travel' category here -->
  </div>
</div>

Styling the Gallery with CSS

Now that we have the HTML structure, let’s add some CSS to style our tabbed image gallery. You can customize the styles according to your website’s design. Here’s an example of the CSS code:

.tabbed-gallery {
  max-width: 800px;
  margin: 0 auto;
}

.tabs {
  display: flex;
  justify-content: center;
}

.tab {
  padding: 10px 20px;
  background-color: #f2f2f2;
  border: none;
  cursor: pointer;
}

.tab:hover {
  background-color: #ddd;
}

.image-container {
  display: grid;
  grid-template-columns: repeat(3, 1fr);
  gap: 20px;
}

.gallery-image {
  width: 100%;
  height: auto;
  border-radius: 5px;
  box-shadow: 0 2px 4px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.1);
  transition: transform 0.3s ease;
}

.gallery-image:hover {
  transform: scale(1.1);
}

Creating the JavaScript Functionality

To add interactivity to our gallery, we will use JavaScript to handle the tab clicks and show/hide the appropriate images. Below is an example of the JavaScript code:

const tabs = document.querySelectorAll('.tab');
const images = document.querySelectorAll('.gallery-image');

tabs.forEach(tab => {
  tab.addEventListener('click', () => {
    const category = tab.dataset.category;
    images.forEach(image => {
      if (image.classList.contains(category) || category === 'all') {
        image.style.display = 'block';
      } else {
        image.style.display = 'none';
      }
    });
  });
});

Adding Transitions for Smooth Navigation

To enhance the user experience, we can add smooth transitions when switching between tabs. We’ll modify the CSS code to include transitions for the image container. Here’s an updated version of the CSS code:

.image-container {
  display: grid;
  grid-template-columns: repeat(3, 1fr);
  gap: 20px;
  transition: transform 0.3s ease;
}

.tab {
  /* Previous styles remain unchanged */
  /* ... */
}

.tab:hover {
  /* Previous styles remain unchanged */
  /* ... */
}

.gallery-image {
  /* Previous styles remain unchanged */
  /* ... */
}

.gallery-image:hover {
  /* Previous styles remain unchanged */
  /* ... */
}

Optimizing for Mobile Devices

With mobile users in mind, we can use CSS media queries to make our tabbed image gallery responsive. By adjusting the number of columns and font sizes, the gallery will adapt to different screen sizes. Here’s an example of how to do this:

/* Previous styles remain unchanged */
/* ... */

@media (max-width: 600px) {
  .image-container {
    grid-template-columns: repeat(1, 1fr);
  }

  .tab {
    font-size: 14px;
  }
}

Testing and Troubleshooting

After implementing the gallery, thoroughly test it on various devices and browsers to ensure smooth functionality. Troubleshoot any issues that may arise during testing.

Conclusion

Congratulations! You have successfully created a tabbed image gallery using CSS and JavaScript. Now you can showcase your images in an organized and visually appealing manner, providing an engaging experience for your website visitors.


FAQs

Can I use this gallery with other types of content, such as videos or text?

Yes, you can adapt the gallery to work with different types of content by adjusting the HTML structure and CSS styles accordingly.

Will the gallery still function without JavaScript enabled?

The basic HTML and CSS structure will still display the images, but the dynamic tab functionality requires JavaScript to work.

Are there any third-party libraries available for creating tabbed galleries?

Yes, there are several JavaScript libraries like Bootstrap and jQuery UI that offer pre-built tabbed gallery components.

Can I customize the tabbed gallery to match my website’s branding?

Absolutely! Feel free to modify the CSS styles and transitions to match your website’s branding and design.

How can I add captions to the images in the gallery?

You can include caption elements (e.g., <figcaption>) within the HTML structure for each image and style them with CSS.

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