Learn How to Remove Arrows/Spinners from Input Type Number with CSS

In today’s digital landscape, web development has become an essential skill. As websites and applications continuously evolve, developers find themselves facing various challenges. One such challenge is customizing the appearance of form elements to create a more user-friendly and visually appealing experience. In this article, we will dive into the process of removing arrows or spinners from input type number using CSS, complete with code snippet examples.

1. Introduction

Form elements are crucial components of any web application, allowing users to input data and interact with the site. The input type number is used for numerical input and often comes with default arrows or spinners that allow users to increase or decrease the value. However, these default styles may not always align with the design aesthetics of a website. In such cases, developers might want to remove these arrows while retaining the functionality of numerical input.

2. The Need to Remove Arrows/Spinners

The default arrows or spinners on a number input can clash with the overall design of a website, especially if the design follows a minimalistic or custom theme. By removing these arrows, developers gain the flexibility to style the input according to their vision, enhancing the user experience and maintaining visual consistency.

3. The CSS Solution

Hiding the Default Spinners

To remove the default arrows or spinners from a number input, CSS comes to the rescue. By targeting the input[type=”number”] element and using the -webkit-inner-spin-button and -webkit-outer-spin-button pseudo-elements, you can effectively hide these spinners. Here’s an example:

input[type="number"]::-webkit-inner-spin-button,
input[type="number"]::-webkit-outer-spin-button {
    -webkit-appearance: none;
    appearance: none;
    margin: 0;
}

Styling the Number Input

After removing the default spinners, you can apply custom styling to the number input. This can include adjusting the width, height, padding, and color to seamlessly integrate the input into your design.

Cross-Browser Compatibility

While the above example targets WebKit-based browsers (such as Chrome and Safari), it’s essential to ensure cross-browser compatibility. For Firefox, you can use the following CSS:

input[type="number"] {
    -moz-appearance: textfield;
}

4. Code Snippet Examples

Example 1: Basic Styling

Let’s start with a basic example that removes the spinners and applies simple styling to the number input:

/* CSS */
input[type="number"]::-webkit-inner-spin-button,
input[type="number"]::-webkit-outer-spin-button {
    -webkit-appearance: none;
    appearance: none;
    margin: 0;
}

input[type="number"] {
    width: 200px;
    padding: 10px;
    border: 1px solid #ccc;
    border-radius: 5px;
}
<!-- HTML -->
<input type="number" value="0">

Example 2: Advanced Styling with Hover Effects

In this example, we’ll take the styling a step further by adding hover effects:

/* CSS */
input[type="number"]::-webkit-inner-spin-button,
input[type="number"]::-webkit-outer-spin-button {
    -webkit-appearance: none;
    appearance: none;
    margin: 0;
}

input[type="number"] {
    width: 200px;
    padding: 10px;
    border: 1px solid #ccc;
    border-radius: 5px;
    transition: border-color 0.3s;
}

input[type="number"]:hover {
    border-color: #66b3ff;
}
<!-- HTML -->
<input type="number" value="0">

5. Conclusion

Customizing form elements like the number input allows developers to align them with the design and user experience goals of a website. By following the CSS techniques mentioned in this article, you can easily remove arrows or spinners from the input type number while maintaining its functionality.

6. FAQs

Can I use other pseudo-elements for additional styling?

Absolutely! You can experiment with :focus, :hover, and other pseudo-elements to enhance the appearance and interactivity of the number input.

Will these CSS techniques work on all browsers?

While the examples provided here work well on modern browsers, it’s always a good practice to test your code on different browsers for optimal compatibility.

Can I remove spinners from other input types as well?

Yes, you can use similar techniques to customize other input types, such as date and time inputs.

How do I retain the increment and decrement functionality after removing the spinners?

The increment and decrement functionality will still be available using keyboard inputs (up and down arrow keys) after removing the spinners.

Can I apply different styles to the increment and decrement buttons?

Unfortunately, styling the increment and decrement buttons separately is not supported by all browsers. However, you can style the entire input element as demonstrated in the examples.

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