Learn How to Create “Next and Previous Buttons” with CSS

Have you ever visited a website with multiple pages or a gallery and noticed how they often include convenient “Next” and “Previous” buttons to navigate through the content? These buttons are not only functional but also enhance the user experience by providing an easy way to browse through the content without having to scroll back and forth manually. In this article, we will show you how to create “Next” and “Previous” buttons using CSS, along with detailed code snippet examples.


Before we dive into the technicalities, let’s briefly understand the purpose of “Next” and “Previous” buttons on a website. These buttons are commonly used in scenarios where content is organized into multiple pages or sections. They allow users to navigate forward and backward easily, providing a seamless browsing experience.

Setting Up the HTML Structure

To create these buttons, we need to set up the basic HTML structure. First, create a container for your content, and within it, place the elements you wish to navigate through using the buttons.

<div class="content-container">
    <!-- Your content here -->

Styling the Buttons

Now, let’s move on to styling the buttons using CSS. We’ll use basic CSS to make the buttons visually appealing and ensure they match the overall design of your website.

/* Styling the buttons */
.prev-btn {
    background-color: #007BFF;
    color: #fff;
    padding: 10px 20px;
    border: none;
    border-radius: 5px;
    cursor: pointer;

.prev-btn:hover {
    background-color: #0056b3;

Adding Interactivity with CSS Transitions

To make the buttons more engaging, we can add CSS transitions to create smooth animations when the buttons are hovered over.

/* Adding interactivity with transitions */
.prev-btn {
    transition: background-color 0.3s ease;

Creating Previous and Next Buttons

Now comes the crucial part – creating the functionality of the “Next” and “Previous” buttons using CSS. We can achieve this using the “+” and “~” CSS selectors.

/* Creating previous and next buttons */
.content-container div {
    display: none;

.content-container div:first-child {
    display: block;

.content-container div:target {
    display: block;

Customizing the Design

You can customize the design of your buttons according to your website’s theme. Experiment with different colors, sizes, and fonts to make the buttons stand out while maintaining consistency with your overall design.

Implementing the Buttons in a Gallery

If you have an image gallery on your website, you can use these “Next” and “Previous” buttons to allow users to navigate through the images effortlessly.

<div class="content-container">
    <div id="img1"> <!-- Image 1 here --> </div>
    <div id="img2"> <!-- Image 2 here --> </div>
    <div id="img3"> <!-- Image 3 here --> </div>
    <!-- Add more images here -->
<a href="#img1" class="prev-btn">Previous</a>
<a href="#img3" class="next-btn">Next</a>

Responsive Design Considerations

When implementing these buttons, it’s crucial to consider responsive design. Ensure that the buttons adapt well to various screen sizes and devices, providing an optimal user experience for both desktop and mobile users.


Adding “Next” and “Previous” buttons to your website can significantly improve user navigation and overall user experience. With CSS, you can easily create these buttons and customize them to fit your website’s design seamlessly. So, go ahead and implement these buttons to enhance your website’s usability.


Can I use JavaScript to create “Next” and “Previous” buttons instead of CSS?

Yes, you can use JavaScript to create these buttons, but using CSS provides a simple and efficient solution without the need for additional scripts.

How can I change the position of the buttons on my website?

You can change the position of the buttons by adjusting their CSS properties, such as “position,” “top,” “bottom,” “left,” or “right.”

Do these buttons work on mobile devices?

Yes, if you implement responsive design, these buttons will work perfectly on mobile devices as well.

Can I add icons or arrows to the buttons?

Absolutely! You can use icon fonts or custom arrow images to enhance the visual appeal of the buttons.

Do these buttons affect SEO?

No, these buttons do not directly affect SEO, but they can indirectly contribute to better user experience, which may have an impact on SEO rankings.

Leave a Comment