Learn How to Create Empty Circles with CSS

If you’re a web developer or designer, you’re likely familiar with the power of CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) in shaping the appearance of web pages. While CSS is commonly used for styling elements like text, boxes, and borders, it’s also capable of creating visually appealing shapes. In this guide, we’ll delve into the intriguing world of creating empty circles using CSS, providing you with a step-by-step walkthrough and code snippet examples. Whether you’re a novice or an experienced developer, this article will help you master the art of crafting perfect empty circles.

1. Introduction to Empty Circles in Web Design

In the realm of web design, shapes play a significant role in creating visually appealing layouts. Circles, in particular, are elegant and versatile shapes that can be used for various purposes, from decorative elements to interactive features.

2. Basic HTML Structure

Before we dive into the CSS magic, let’s set up the basic HTML structure that we’ll be styling. We’ll create a simple <div> element that will serve as our canvas for the empty circles.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="styles.css">
    <title>Empty Circles with CSS</title>
    <div class="circle"></div>

3. The Power of CSS: Styling Empty Circles

CSS gives us the tools to turn our plain <div> element into an eye-catching empty circle. We’ll apply styles to the .circle class in our external stylesheet styles.css.

.circle {
    width: 100px;
    height: 100px;
    border: 2px solid #3498db;
    border-radius: 50%;

4. Creating Empty Circles Using Border and Border-Radius

The border property plays a pivotal role in creating empty circles. By setting the border property and giving it a large value, you can create a circle. Pair this with the border-radius property set to 50%, and you’ve got yourself a perfect empty circle.

.circle {
    width: 150px;
    height: 150px;
    border: 5px solid #e74c3c;
    border-radius: 50%;

5. Enhancing Empty Circles with Gradients

To add a touch of sophistication to your empty circles, gradients come to the rescue. Gradients allow you to blend colors seamlessly and create eye-catching effects.

.circle {
    width: 200px;
    height: 200px;
    border: 3px solid #27ae60;
    border-radius: 50%;
    background: linear-gradient(to right, #27ae60, #2ecc71);

6. Adding Animation Effects to Empty Circles

Animation breathes life into web elements. With CSS animations, you can make your empty circles visually captivating.

.circle {
    width: 100px;
    height: 100px;
    border: 2px solid #f39c12;
    border-radius: 50%;
    animation: spin 4s linear infinite;

@keyframes spin {
    0% { transform: rotate(0deg); }
    100% { transform: rotate(360deg); }

7. Achieving Responsive Empty Circles

In the era of responsive web design, it’s essential to ensure that your empty circles adapt seamlessly to various screen sizes.

.circle {
    width: 15vw;
    height: 15vw;
    border: 2px solid #9b59b6;
    border-radius: 50%;

8. Best Practices for Using Empty Circles

  • Always use the border-radius property with a value of 50% to create perfect circles.
  • Experiment with colors, gradients, and animations to create unique effects.
  • Keep in mind the responsive aspect of web design when setting dimensions.

9. Troubleshooting Common Issues

  • If your circle appears as an ellipse, double-check the aspect ratio of the width and height.
  • Verify that the parent container doesn’t have any unintended styles affecting the circle’s appearance.

10. Conclusion

Creating empty circles with CSS opens up a realm of creative possibilities for web designers. Whether you’re aiming for a minimalist look or a dynamic user experience, CSS empowers you to craft circles that captivate your audience.

11. FAQs

What is the browser compatibility for CSS-generated empty circles?

CSS-generated empty circles are compatible with modern browsers, including Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. Ensure to test on different browsers for consistency.

Can I use empty circles as buttons with clickable functionality?

Yes, you can! Combine empty circles with JavaScript to create interactive buttons that respond to user clicks.

How can I change the color of the empty circle’s border?

Simply adjust the color value in the border property within your CSS code to change the border color.

Is it possible to create partially filled circles using CSS?

While CSS doesn’t natively support partial filling of circles, you can simulate this effect by layering multiple circles with varying border sizes and colors.

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