Learn How to Change Background Images on Scroll with CSS


In the world of web design, creating captivating and interactive user experiences is paramount. One way to achieve this is by changing the background images on the scroll. This technique adds a touch of dynamism and elegance to your website, capturing the attention of visitors and keeping them engaged. In this article, we will delve into the art of changing background images on scroll using CSS, offering detailed explanations and code snippets to help you master this skill.

1. Understanding the Concept of Background Image Changes

Before diving into the technicalities, let’s grasp the concept of background image changes on scroll. The idea revolves around altering the background image of an element, such as a section or a div, as the user scrolls down or up the webpage. This creates a visually appealing effect that enhances the overall aesthetics of the site.

2. Preparing the HTML Structure

To implement background image changes on scroll, we need to set up the HTML structure. It involves creating the necessary elements and organizing them accordingly. Here’s a simple example:

<!DOCTYPE html>
    <title>Background Image Scroll</title>
    <!-- Add link to CSS file -->
    <div class="scroll-container">
        <section class="bg-change-section">
            <h2>Welcome to our Website</h2>
            <!-- Content goes here -->

3. Basic CSS for Background Images

Now that the HTML structure is ready, let’s proceed with the basic CSS for background images. We’ll define the styles for the elements created in the previous step:

/* Reset default margin and padding */
body, h1, h2, h3, h4, p {
    margin: 0;
    padding: 0;

/* Set background image for the section */
.bg-change-section {
    background-image: url("default-background.jpg");
    background-size: cover;
    background-position: center;
    height: 100vh;

4. Implementing Background Image Changes on Scroll

To make the background image change on scroll, we’ll use JavaScript in conjunction with CSS. Here’s the script to add inside the <head> tag:

    document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", function() {
        const section = document.querySelector(".bg-change-section");
        window.addEventListener("scroll", function() {
            let scrollPosition = window.pageYOffset;
            section.style.backgroundPositionY = -scrollPosition * 0.5 + "px";

5. Creating Smooth Transitions

A smooth transition between background images enhances the visual experience. We can achieve this by adding a CSS transition property:

.bg-change-section {
    /* ... */
    transition: background-image 0.5s ease-in-out;

6. Adding Additional Effects

To make the effect more engaging, we can introduce additional CSS properties, like opacity and blur, to the background images:

.bg-change-section {
    /* ... */
    opacity: 0.8;
    filter: blur(3px);

7. Testing and Browser Compatibility

Before deploying the effect, always perform thorough testing across different browsers to ensure compatibility.

8. Best Practices for Background Image Changes

To optimize the impact of background image changes on scroll, follow these best practices:

  • Use high-quality images.
  • Keep the image size optimized for faster loading.
  • Consider the overall design and color scheme of your website.

9. Troubleshooting Common Issues

Encountering issues? Check for common problems, such as syntax errors or conflicting CSS styles.

10. Enhancing Performance

To maintain a smooth user experience, optimize your code and reduce unnecessary animations.

11. Responsive Design Considerations

Ensure that your background image changes work flawlessly across various devices and screen sizes.

12. Incorporating Parallax Effects

Take your background image changes to the next level by incorporating parallax effects.

13. Combining Background Changes with Other Animations

Blend background image changes with other CSS animations to create a captivating visual display.

14. Using Background Image Libraries

Explore pre-built background image libraries to simplify your development process.


Congratulations! You have learned how to change background images on scroll using CSS. This technique adds a touch of elegance and interactivity to your website, captivating your visitors and keeping them engaged. Experiment with different effects and combinations to create a unique and memorable user experience.


Can I use multiple background images in one section?

Yes, you can stack multiple background images and apply changes to each one.

Do background image changes affect website performance?

When implemented with care, background image changes should not significantly impact performance.

Can I use this technique in combination with CSS animations?

Absolutely! Combining background image changes with other animations can yield stunning results.

Is it possible to create parallax effects without JavaScript?

Yes, using pure CSS, you can achieve simple parallax effects.

Do background image changes work on mobile devices?

Yes, they work on mobile devices, but ensure a responsive design for the best experience.

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